Third Organic Act goes into effect in the attempt to improve the Hawaiian judicial system.
Treaty with Hamburg negotiated.
Leileiohoku, son of Kalanimoku, dies; he was husband to Princess Nahienaena and later married Ruth Ke'elikolani, Governess of Hawai'i Island.
Moses Kaikioewa, son of Kekuanaoa and Kinau and brother to Alexander Liholiho and Lot Kamehameha, dies.
Kingdom of Hawai'i receives a full-length portrait of Louis Philippe as a gift from the ruler of France. The painting is so large it requires 12 men to carry it from the wharf to the palace.
"Great Mahele" conducted, dividing the land among the king, his chiefs and Hawaiian commoners. Read More.
First party leaves from Hawai'i to search for gold in California.
First attempt for Reciprocity agreement with the United States made by J.J. Jarvis on behalf of the Hawaiian government is unsuccessful.
Islands export 499,533 pounds of sugar and 28,978 gallons of molasses.
$606,000 worth of imports arrive in Hawai'i; exports total $519,000.
American warship brings measles to Hilo where it spreads and decimates about a third of the population. Among chiefs who die are Moses Kekuaiwa, William Pitt Leleiohoku and Kaiminaauao. Measles, whooping cough and influenza epidemics wipe out 10,000 people, mostly native Hawaiians.
Construction of a water tank and piping network completed to serve whaling ships calling at Honolulu Harbor.
A newspaper editor reports: "A bumble-bee visited our office a few days since. They made their appearance in Lahaina about two years since, but we have never heard of their being seen in this island [O'ahu] before."
Royal Hawaiian Theater opens.
Twelfth company of protestant missionaries arrives.
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish their Communist Manifesto
Year of revolutions churns Europe.
Gold discovered at Sutter's Mill near Sacramento, California.
Women's rights convention held at Seneca Falls, New York.