George Robert Carter
George Carter served in various territorial government posts, but his father had played a political role under the monarchy, serving as Hawaiian Minister to Washington, D.C. George was educated in Hawai`i and on the mainland at Phillips Academy (Andover, Massachusetts) and Yale University. After an early career in business, working for C. Brewer & Company, Hawaiian Trust Company, Hawaiian Fertilizer Company, Bank of Hawaii, Alexander & Baldwin and Mutual Telephone Company, Carter was elected to the Hawaiian Senate in 1901
. In 1902
, he met with President Theodore Roosevelt as an unofficial agent of the territorial government, forging a close lifelong friendship with the president. Roosevelt appointed Carter secretary of the territory later in 1902
, then placed him in the governorship from 1903
. During Carter's tenure, the territory's five counties were established: O`ahu, Hawai`i, Maui (including Lana`i, Kaho`olawe and Moloka`i excepting Kalawao), Kaua`i (including Ni`ihau) and Kalawao (in 1909
, O`ahu County became the City and County of Honolulu).
Carter had a strong personal interest in history and was an active member of the Hawaiian Historical Society, the Hawaiian Historical Commission and the New England Genealogical Society. His considerable private library, the Carter Library, is now housed with the Hawaiian Mission Children's Society.