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Haleakala National Park and Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Historic Park established

Hawai'i National Park originally included lands on both Hawai'i and Maui islands. In 1961, Haleakala on Maui was split off from the Volcanoes National Park, and Pu'uhonua O Honaunau was added as a National Historic Park. At 19 miles, Haleakala National Park is one of the smallest parks in the national system but contains some of the most threatened plants and animals. Haleakala's crater is 21 miles in circumference, 3,000 feet deep; its summit point at Red Hill rises to 10,023 feet. Due to their topographical, ecological and climatic diversity, UNESCO designated both Haleakala and Volcano National Parks International Biosphere Reserves.

Pu'uhonua O Honaunau was the largest and most prominent of many places of refuge in the Islands. It was here that criminals could find absolution and where innocent victims of war could live safely until peace returned. The National Historic Park includes the 1,000-long Great Wall built in the 1500s and other original and reconstructed structures from ancient times. Ten feet tall and 17 feet wide, the wall sealed off a sanctuary on the promontory. Hale O Keawe, the last Hawaiian heiau to remain in perfect condition, once held the bones of revered chiefs. Dismantled and stripped in 1825 by Lord George Byron, it is now reconstructed.

 Sites for further information

Pu`uhonua O Honaunau National Historical Park (Offical Site, National Park Service)
www.nps.gov/puho

Setting of Pu`uhonua O Honaunau (National Park Service)
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9.htm

Description of Refuge area of Pu`uhonua O Honaunau (National Park Service)
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9a.htm

Development of Honaunau Ahupua'a (National Park Service)
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9b.htm

Places of Refuge, Including Pu`uhonua O Honaunau (National Park Service)
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9c.htm

Pu`uhonua O Honaunau: Early Descriptions by Europeans (National Park Service)
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9d.htm

Pu`uhonua O Honaunau: Early History (National Park Service)
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9e.htm

Pu`uhonua O Honaunau: Later History of the Pu'uhonua and of Hale-o-Keawe (National Park Service)
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9f.htm

Pu`uhonua O Honaunau: Early Study, Restoration, and Archeological Efforts
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9g.htm

Pu`uhonua O Honaunau: Description of Resources: Pu'uhonua Area
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9h.htm

Pu`uhonua O Honaunau: Significance of Resources and Establishment of a National Historical Park
cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/kona/history9x.htm

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