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Hawai`i Volcano Observatory founded
Thomas A. Jaggar from M.I.T. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and Frank Perret, an American-born volcanologist living in Italy, set up the first official volcano observing station on the rim of Halema'uma'u crater. The next year, Hawai'i Volcano Observatory (HVO) was founded with the support of a collection of Hawaii's businessmen and M.I.T.'s Whitney Fund. Most prominent among local benefactors was newspaper publisher Lorrin Thurston, who remained actively involved with HVO for many years. HVO built a new observatory on the edge of Kilauea crater (where Volcano House is presently located) which included Jaggar's office and the Whitney Laboratory of Seismology.
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