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Lili'uokalani succeeds Kalakaua
Kalakaua's younger sister by two years, Lili'uokalani was educated at the Royal School and was a particularly gifted musician and composer. Kamehameha V appointed her husband, John Owens Dominis, governor of O'ahu in 1863; he performed his duties as governor while Lili'uokalani acted as the king's regent during Kalakaua's world tour.
Taking the throne after her brother's death in 1891, Lili'uokalani spent most of her reign wrangling with her cabinet. She unsuccessfully battled to establish a new constitution, one that would restore some of the executive powers stripped by the "Bayonet Constitution" of 1887. A group of American businessmen, frustrated by the Queen's persistence, organized a "Committee of Safety" and staged a coup January 17, 1893. Pressured by United States Minister Stevens and the presence of American marines, Lili'uokalani acquiesced, hoping the United States President would right the situation.
Lili'uokalani was later arrested for treason and imprisoned in 'Iolani Palace. She formally abdicated her throne in 1895. Despite her efforts to lobby the United States government, Hawai'i became a U.S. Territory.
Lili'uokalani died in 1917 at the age of 78.
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